It has always been necessary to protect the passengers and cargo transported by the trains of Russian Railways open joint-stock company, but the threat landscape has changed considerably in recent years. While there are many reasons, the first of these is that with the hustle of modern life and appearance of new technologies, including in rail transport, more and more risks require prevention and timely reaction, and the threat of terrorism remains as important as ever. High-tech security systems have long been an area of interest for the Russian rail transport industry.
Advanced security equipment has a decade-long history on the Oktyabrskaya Railroad, a set of rail lines covering northwestern Russia, including the corridor between St. Petersburg and Moscow. The original design concept called for installation of equipment at individual sites: rail stations, substations, junctures, etc.
But after the bombings of the Nevsky Express train in 2007 and 2009 on the St. Petersburg - Moscow route, this design was revised. The security system was now to include 24-hour surveillance of rail facilities and infrastructure, to eliminate "blind spots" in monitoring and cover the entire route between Russia's two largest cities. The software chosen for this revamped system was the Axxon Intellect PSIM. The flagship product in the AxxonSoft lineup, Axxon Intellect had acquitted itself well as an effective solution for far-flung sites with incredible levels of complexity.
In 2009, Russian Railways began a pilot project on the Oktyabrskaya rail line between Mstinsky Bridge and Okulovka. The site was purposefully chosen for installation of special equipment: 2009 was also the first year of operation of the Sapsan high-speed train, which roars through this portion of the route at its maximum speed of 250 kilometers (155 miles) per hour.
The police have identified the teenagers who placed a mannequin on rail tracks in front of a high-speed Sapsan train.
As reported by the press service of the Russian Interior Ministry, the transport police in cooperation with Russian Railways security staff detained three teenagers, aged 13 to 15, who placed a mannequin on the Sapsan tracks. The teenagers specially dressed the mannequin in jeans and a coat to make it look like a person.
A signal warning of a foreign object on the rail tracks was quickly transmitted to the driver of the Sapsan train. The train applied its emergency brakes, without injury to train passengers.
First, camera images must be clear regardless of weather, time of day, and lighting.
Second, video must be automatically analyzed for alarm triggers: the risks related to the human factor (such as operator workload or fatigue) made computers the safer bet for spotting threats that are sometimes invisible even to the human eye.
And finally, the threat of foreign objects appearing on the railroad made it critical that information be delivered rapidly to operators, who can then warn dispatchers and service crews about the threat in record time.
To ensure uninterrupted monitoring of all areas along the Moscow-St. Petersburg corridor, Axxon Intellect was combined with thermal cameras. The Axxon Intellect-powered solution processes incoming data from thermal cameras with innovative detection tools, which allow quickly reacting to dangerous situations and avoiding potential incidents.
Why thermal? Unlike ordinary cameras, thermal imagers capture light in the infrared spectrum and transmit clear images in any weather, at any time of day or night, and without any additional lighting. The usable observation distance for thermal cameras is 600 meters to 1 kilometer (0.35 to 0.6 miles), which is twelve or more times greater than the range offered by ordinary cameras.
The video analytics in Axxon Intellect allow automatically analyzing video for alarm triggers. This makes work easier for operators, who can concentrate on pre-processed information instead of plucking events out of the flood of raw video.
The system automatically spots the following types of alarm triggers in video:
For near-instant warnings about large objects on rail tracks, AxxonSoft specially developed a Multispectral Module. The module detects the appearance of objects on rail tracks and displays a notification to operators, who can quickly relay the information to dispatchers and service crews.
Oktyabrskaya Railroad now has a Situation Center for its high-speed trains, which allows recording, analyzing, and preventing dangerous situations threatening the health and safety of passengers and employees, as well as the integrity of rail equipment.
When the Sapsan trains were introduced, the video recording system proved its effectiveness at monitoring the situation along the entire transit route. Cameras installed in the lead and tail cars capture all events as they occur. Besides averting threats, surveillance video has been useful for post-event analysis and assisting the work of maintenance crews.
State-of-the-art technologies have made Oktyabtskaya Railroad one of the safest ones anywhere today. The integrated Axxon Intellect-based security system currently stands watch over high-speed rail traffic on the Moscow–St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg–Helsinki, and Moscow–Nizhny Novgorod routes. Russian Railways, the operator of the railroad, plans to build on its positive experience by deploying similar systems at other locations across Russia.
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